Environmental Protection and the Emergent Market of e-Book Readers

From an environmental standpoint, introducing e-ink technology into home use, school curriculum, library facilities, and business use provides a win-win scenario with benefits to be had at all angles. Green reading reduces an individual’s literary carbon footprint intertwining human interaction and the planet’s lifespan together on a favorable level. Traditional reading involves a greater cost on so many levels including production, storage, transport, and disposal. Not only must one consider the cost of making and keeping the book, but one must also consider the getting rid of the book once it is no longer wanted.

Electronic Books as an Alternative to Paper Books

Up until recently, electronic books have only been a temporary alternative to paper books. In fact, the creation of e-Books is simply another facet to improvements in digital technology and the need to reach more people more quickly. Nonetheless, developed partially as a means to obtaining a book more quickly than waiting for it to be published in paper format, eBooks were not originally intended to replace hard copies be they paper or fully bound versions in hard cover.

All of that is about to change as authors are beginning to sign on for eBook versions of their books only. Perhaps one of the most famous of these authors is Stephen King who recently agreed to an eBook-only version of his latest publication, “Riding the Bullet.” His eBook-only novella has met with tremendous success and is promoting the way for other such books to follow. Once a novel, novella, magazine, newspaper, or children’s story can only be read as an e-Book, the choice will be an easy one. The use of e-Book readers will become commonplace as a matter of course. According to Digital Book Readers, the changes it would provide for the people and the nature are immense and vast, and certainly worth consideration.

Benefits to Green Reading: Storage and Disposal

Since storage and disposal of e-Books is more environmentally friendly than storage and disposal of traditional books, the environment will benefit greatly from the incorporation of e-Books into daily living patterns. Not only will landfills grow at a less alarming rate, but trees will be cut down less frequently as the need for paper diminishes.

The world’s forests will continue to grow while continuing to provide cleaner, oxygen-rich air. Even if these forests are allowed to grow once they have been cleared for their timber, the result is not as good as it would have been had the forest been allowed to grow. Studies have shown that older, established forests retain more carbon than their newer counterparts. Hence, the environment is better if human interaction with it changes through more responsible use of its resources.

Plus, there are other benefits to be had as well, especially where the production of traditional ink-on-paper books is concerned. Not only does the use of e-Books reduce the need to produce ink, paper, and bindings, but it also reduces the pollution associated with such activity. Moreover, e-Books are easier to transport at a lower financial and physical cost than traditional book transport.

The Facts about Paper Production of Books and Newsprint

According to the Green Press Initiative, the United States is responsible for using more than twenty million trees to produce books each and every year and that figure doesn’t take into account the 95 million trees estimated to be consumed by the newsprint industry each year. As eBook reading grows in popularity, it is hoped that these numbers will be reduced significantly.

The Green Press Initiative has also stated that landfills hold a large amount of paper products to the tune of approximately one fourth of the landfill’s content. As if taking up so much space isn’t bad enough, the decomposition of paper products produces a highly toxic greenhouse gas known as methane gas. So not only does paper production create carbon dioxide emissions during their manufacture, but they also produce methane when they fall into a state of decay. These facts certainly point to a better world with the production of eBooks on a global level.

The Harry Potter series of books, one of the most popular series ever and enjoyed by children and adults alike, is projected to reach a total of 290,000 tons of paper in its production of more than 370,000 million books as estimated by Prime View Inrternational. At a cost of 20 trees to produce one ton of paper to be used in the manufacture of books, this comes at the high cost of 5.8 million trees.

According to the U.S. Book Industry Study Group, more than 12.4 million tons of carbon dioxide are released into the atmosphere on an annual basis due to the mass production of books in hard copy format. This boils down to almost 9 pounds of carbon per book that is produced. Talk about leaving a carbon footprint on the world! While significant changes such as increasing the use of recycled paper are being implemented, they cannot compare to the benefits that eBooks and eBook readers can produce.

According to the Green Press Initiative, many of the world’s forests are becoming endangered due to the logging that continues to occur. Indonesia’s tropical forests lose about 4.5 million acres each year to logging, some of it illegally culled. More than 2 million acres of Canada’s Boreal Forest are logged each year with 65% of that going for paper reading and writing products. In the southeastern United States, at least 6 million acres of forests fall prey to logging companies while this area along with 26 million plantation acres is known as the largest paper producing area in the world.

Digital Cameras

Photography — a creative art, an essential tool for some and a hobby for many others. Today, we have reached a stage where everyone should have a camera.

Photography started with film cameras and they were always thought of as difficult devices to use and rightly so for many reasons. They were difficult to maintain and operate. You had to truly understand photography to be able to take good photographs. For the rest who wanted a camera as a utility, something to keep memories as prints, there were the simple handheld cameras of their time. These were compact cameras and they were certainly cheap, and they made taking photographs much simpler, but not totally foolproof. There were still problems common to both SLR and point-and-shoot users. Film developing was a costly affair and plenty of photos were lost due to mistakes during shooting — this was a time before digital sensors or preview LCD screens.

Digital Cameras gained significant acceptance quite quickly. They fixed many of the problems associated with film cameras — the instant ability to view your shot, most importantly, but they did so at a price. Even the really early digital cameras that lacked the refinements and the automation that we see today were much costlier than the then-available decent film SLRs that were generally considered to be great cameras for professional and amateurs alike. As we’ve seen in the past with every new technology, users should perhaps have delayed purchasing these expensive gadgets, but instead the take-up of digital cameras was fast, and the market has continued to grow ever since.

It has been years now since point-and-shoots (P&S) were developed, and the pace at which developments and improvements have taken place has been staggering. Within a decade, we’ve gone from film cameras that couldn’t guarantee a proper set of photos in a film to digital point-and-shoots that can detect faces, store them, click photos when people smile and there’s hardly any cost involved in using them!

What else could anyone want? There are those who look at point-and-shoots and think of them as toys and consider the only proper cameras to be the dSLRs. Speaking practically, point-and-shoots are actually pretty decent. Prosumer point-and-shoot cameras, such as the Sony DSC H5, the Canon SX 10 IS, the Canon PowerShot S5 IS and many more, have closed the gap between standard point-and-shoots and dSLRs. Easy operation, and the ability to take macro photos to telephoto shots on a single camera without the need for changing any lens or settings. For hassle-free photographs, these prosumer cameras are very good.

However, if you are serious about photography and are analytical about quality and perfection, then we and other enthusiasts will tell you that you ought to buy a dSLR. If you are a professional photographer using a P&S camera, then we honestly aren’t sure why….

dSLRs bring a lot to the table, and there are good reasons for their weight, size and the number of knobs and settings they carry. You don’t just go out and buy a dSLR and walk around with it in your pocket. They require a rather more considered approach. They are meant for those who’ll sit an entire weekend in a nursery taking photos of flowers, go out and do some wild life photography, sports photography and will take that kind of dedicated time on the camera trying out all kinds of shots. dSLRs are modular gadgets. So over time, you’ll be drawn into buying an extra lens or two. The type you buy and the amount you spend will obviously depend on your requirements. We take a look at two such cameras.

Online Slot Machines Come Of Age

Online slots games are much the same as their traditional counterparts, using modern computer technology and random number generators which control the game’s outcome. The advantage of online slots is that they offer flexibility and accessibility of the kind that you would not be able to find in traditional slot machines. You can play for free to practice and test the software before you play for real with money and verify the percentage payouts – all from the comfort of your sitting room. You don’t have to wait for your favourite machine and there is huge variety available without having to trudge around various casinos – it’s all there at the touch of a button. A huge bonus of online playing for slot players is that online casinos offer higher payouts than traditional casinos with an average of around 97%. There are lots of different styles of games and sites, with progressive games or penny games – whatever kind of slots excitement you are after is most definitely available online.

Original slot games consist of three reels with a single pay line and can be found all over the internet – they often come with wild symbols, jackpot payouts and multiplier features. The object is to obtain a winning symbol combination by spinning reels – the better your symbol combination, the bigger the payout.

Safecracker is an example of a classic single reel three line game, which offers one of the highest paying non-progressive slots available online – 20,000 coins. Jurassic Jackpot is another simple three reeled single pay line slot that has a multiplier symbol, which doubles as a wild card. King Tut’s Treasure is of course ‘set’ in ancient Egypt, and has symbols such as camels, pyramids and sphinxs to name but a few, to follow on with the Egyptian theme! There are no bonus features or multipliers but there is the pharaoh symbol which is a wild card. Frost Bite holds no surprises with its theme of ice and snow! Again it’s a three reeler, and has a single pay line, two coin slot with a wild multiplier symbol. These are but a few of the classic three reel slots that you can find online – others include Triple Flaming 7s, Pirates Paradise, Couch Potato, 777 Inferno, and Payday to name but a few.

Multiline slots feature three reels but there are more ways to win, high hit rates and more pay lines. Haunted House has a ghoulish theme, and is a three-reel game with five pay lines. Chinese Kitchen is a fast-paced three reel, eight line slot which is set in an Asian restaurant. You can bet on up to eight lines in the same spin for as little as £0.01! The crab symbol pays at least five lines when it appears as the middle symbol. There is also an amazing turtle jackpot that pays up to 1000 times the stake if the player matches three turtle symbols. Other multiline slots include Fountain of Youth, Rock N Roller, Goblin’s Gold and Zany Zebra.

Five reel slots are more complicated than classic slots games which offer huge player interaction – during bonus rounds you have to control your character, like a video game! Five reel slot games include Around the World, a twenty pay line slot which has a jackpot of up to 30,000 coins! Others include 20,000 Leagues, Captain’s Treasure, Sun Quest and Big Top.

Progressive slots link a single game across a network of machines with a percentage of the money played on each machine added to the total jackpot. Examples of progressive slot games are Bank On It!, Card Shark, Safe Cracker and Major Million.